Derek Korn joined Modern Machine Shop in 2004, but has been writing about manufacturing since 1997. His mechanical engineering degree from the University of Cincinnati’s College of Applied Science provides a solid foundation for understanding and explaining how innovative shops apply advanced machining technologies. As you might gather from this photo, he’s the car guy of the MMS bunch. But his ’55 Chevy isn’t as nice as the hotrod he’s standing next to. In fact, his car needs a right-front fender spear if you know anybody willing to part with one.
The shopfloor CMM inspection system shown above caught my eye at this year's EMO show in Milan, Italy, largely because it resembled a pallet-pool HMC. The difference is that this system is designed to perform long stretches of unattended measurement of various parts, not machining them.
The heart of this system is a four-axis Leitz Serio XI CMM from Hexagon Metrology, with the fourth axis provided by a rotary table. Instead of having an automatic toolchanger, it has an automatic probe changer that can accommodate 24 probes. It also features multiple pallets that can be pre-loaded with parts requiring inspection. Semi- or fully automatic pallet loading versions are available.
This concept reminded me of this article I wrote earlier this year, in which a shop was developing a process to enable lights-out inspection of its parts, leveraging CMM and quick-change fixturing technologies to enable unattended measurement of multiple workpieces.
Implementing strategies like these can minimize the impact that part measurement has on a shop’s bottom line.
Tool presetters come in a variety of models, range from low to high price points, and are available with a number of options. They traditionally have been used in tandem with CNC milling machines, and this article offers practical information about using presetters for that equipment. On the other hand, this article that ran in our sister publication Production Machining explains how offline presetters are becoming more popular for turning centers, some of which already have their own onboard presetters.
The trick is determining whether an offline presetter makes sense for your situation. As noted in this blog post, Big Kaiser has developed a cost payback calculator to determine how quickly (in number of days) a new presetter will pay for itself. Plug in the values and see what you get.
This photo taken of the Blohm Profimat MT608 creep-feed grinding machine at the event seems dark, but that was appropriate ambiance giving the “universe of grinding” theme. In fact, the event featured a speech from Story Musgrave, NASA astronaut that was part of the team that repaired the Hubble telescope in 1993, who noted how the strategies and solutions required to carry out such a repair mirror those needed by today’s advanced manufacturers.
Last week, I attended the United Grinding Universe event at the company’s headquarters in Miamisburg, Ohio, where 400+ attendees were presented with new technologies and strategies for challenging ID/OD, match, centerless, radius, universal and creep-feed grinding applications. The event featured 11 machine demonstrations/presentations on the company’s showroom for its Studer, Blohm, Walter and Ewag brands and additional presentations in its training rooms.
One of the showroom presentations featured the new Studer S151 universal internal cylindrical grinding machine for large-diameter components. This machine line offers a swing above table of 21.6 inches and is available in versions that can accept part lengths of 27.5 inches or 51.1 inches. It features the company’s StuderGuide technology that has a hybrid guideway design incorporating the advantages of both hydrostatic and hydrodynamic guides. When combined with precision drives, 0.1-micron resolution accuracy is possible.
Another demonstrated the advantages of continuous-dress, creep-feed grinding for difficult new materials using the Blohm Profimat MT608. Compared to typical reciprocal grinding operations that take light, fast cuts, creep-feed grinding takes deeper cuts with a slow feed motion. Benefits include increased accuracy and form holding capability, less thermal damage, higher material removal rates, burr reduction and ability to machine heat-treated alloys. Constant in-feed of the diamond dressing roll into the wheel enables the wheel to maintain its form and sharpness throughout the operation.
Still another highlighted the advantages of gaging for match-grinding components such as plungers. This station featured a Studer S110 internal grinding machine with programmable B axis and compact Studer S11cylindrical grinding machine with integrated automation. (The latter, which I saw unveiled last year, is highlighted in this blog post.) Combining machines and measurement feedback in such a way offers a more productive, automated alternative to conventional match grinding approach that typically called for ID grinding of one of the components, inspection and sorting, OD grinding of the mating components, and then size adjustment to match or pair with ID-ground parts.
When you think ceramic inserts you commonly envision high-speed machining of hard metals and super alloys. That said, Greenleaf has developed a new phase-toughened ceramic insert technology that could bridge the gap between conventional carbide and ceramic inserts for exotic materials, as well as more conventional metals such as mild and stainless steels. Learn more.
This story I wrote about Moser Engineering is interesting, albeit a bit different from the norm.
Most often, each shop I profile is already experienced with CNC machine tools, and the article I create highlights a way it has leveraged some new technology, process or approach to become more efficient at the process.
But in this case, Moser Engineering, manufacturer of racing axles and related components, had no prior experience with CNC equipment. It realized, though, that CNC would enable it to more effectively produce its custom axles in the guaranteed two-day turnaround it was known for.
Although it considered options for what type of machine it might purchase, what ultimately sold the company on the Okuma lathe it chose was a custom machine-operating/program-generating app created by Aaron King, applications engineer for machine tool distributor Gosiger Inc. In short, the app enables a person with no CNC experience to input a handful of specs for a given custom axle order via the machine’s THINC touchscreen control and then hit a button to automatically generate the machining code for that job. After that, it’s just a matter of fixturing an axle core in the machine and hitting cycle start. (It’s also interesting that the live-tool lathe performs no turning work.)
This type of operating- and automated-program-generating solution is not appropriate for all machine shop scenarios. For example, it likely wouldn’t make sense for a job shop to create apps for every small-batch job it runs. However, it might be an option for manufacturers such as Moser that have standard product lines and run high volumes of the same parts, or perhaps a manufacturer that has parts that share a common geometry but are available in a number of variations (like Moser’s axles). It might also be suitable for a contract shop that sees a lot of repeat work. An operating option using an app could enable any of those manufacturers to have less experienced machine operators tend to those jobs while more experienced personnel can be deployed to handle more complex work. It’ll be interesting to see how this technology impacts our industry moving forward.