Scanning Probe Application on a Swiss-Type

A German machine shop uses a scanning touch probe on a Swiss-type to ensure 2-micron parallelism of machined slots on a compressed-air coupling component.

The following case study provided by Blum-Novotest describes how Karlheinz Lehmann GmbH in Oberwolfach, Germany, is able to maintain 2-micron parallelism of slots on a compressed-air coupling component for Parker Hannifin GmbH:

Lehmann employs 17 people and has 20 CNC lathes and milling machines. It focuses on the manufacture of precision, rotationally symmetrical parts. The complex quick-coupling for compressed-air input was a challenging project, especially given the parallelism required for the part’s four slots. “The key components are hardened and coating free cutting steel, threads, bores and four lightly tapered slots,” says Timo Lehmann, CEO of Karlheinz Lehmann GmbH. “The slots were the crucial point of the whole design.” In fact, the quick coupling simply wouldn’t function if the parallelism tolerance for the slots was exceeded. When assembled, the lightly tapered slots contain balls, which must not protrude too far, yet must also never be allowed to fall through the slot. Through this design, the Parker quick-couplers prevent the otherwise common snapping noise when detaching and also allow single-hand operation.

Just as challenging as the production process is the task of measuring the slots. The solution the shop found was using a was a Cincom M32 Swiss-type lathe with a Blum-Novotest TC76-Digilog scanning touch probe to verify the part’s dimensional accuracy on the machine. This system has been running smoothly and efficiently in Lehmann’s operation since February 2015.

Analog measurement with a touch-trigger probe is effective for areas or lines. However, if such a probe was to be used for the slot measurement application, a very large number of points on the slots would have to be measured in order to attain an adequate resolution. Instead, the TC76-Digilog scans across the slot surface at a measuring speed of 2 m/min., generating an extremely large number of values (50,000 per second) in a fraction of the time of analog data acquisition.

At the start of a production run, a reference part is clamped onto the machine and the complete contour of the corresponding slot is scanned and the master profile is recorded and saved in the evaluation software. After machining of each part is completed, they are measured and compared against the recorded profile. Any that exceed the tolerance are discarded. Using on-machine measurement in this way enables Lehmann to perform 100-percent inspection while also detecting error trends at an early stage via the evaluation software.

According to Blum-Novotest, the TC76-Digilog’s increased scanning forces makes it well-suited for the tough applications in lathes as well as milling and grinding machines. Neither coolant nor viscous oils impair the reliability of the measurement data because the higher scanning force enables the probe to simply pushes through the coolant. It scans parts non-directionally, and measuring precision is attained via the Shark360 measuring technology, which introduces a face gear measuring mechanism system to perform off-center probing.

Mr. Lehmann notes that the company was close to having to refuse the quick-coupler order from Parker Hannifin until it devised the scanning probe process on the Swiss-type. In fact, it now uses this machine for other large production lots ranging from 10,000 to 30,000 pieces in materials such as aluminum, stainless steels, heat-treatable steels and free-cutting steel.