CNC Grinding with Less Labor


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As difficult as it is to find skilled machining personnel in general, finding skilled grinding personnel is more difficult still. Meanwhile, many shops are doing more grinding than ever, as they respond to tight lead times by bringing grinding in-house. How can shops minimize their need for skilled labor in grinding?

In this article, Shane Farrant, national product manager for Toyoda Machinery USA, and Steve Earley, the company’s proposal engineering supervisor, suggest two ways:

1. In-process gaging. This is one of the most accessible ways to reduce human intervention in grinding, they say. Automatic gaging of the workpiece allows the CNC to respond to measurement trends resulting from the wheel’s changing diameter. With the process changing offsets on its own to maintain consistency, the wheel might not have to be dressed as often.

2. Universal grinding machine. This is a much bigger step, but potentially a valuable one. A universal machine makes it possible to switch between multiple grinding wheels in the same setup, so ID and OD grinding can be performed on the same machine, or rough grinding and finish grinding can be performed within a single cycle­­—with no extra handling or setup between these steps.

One step that might not be the answer is switching to a more expensive CBN wheel, they say. CBN’s effectiveness is material-dependent. It is good for grinding hard metals. In soft metals, the material might load the wheel to the same extent as a conventional wheel, resulting in a process in which dressing is just as frequent.


  • Jig Grinding On A Machining Center

    Roughing and finishing on a single machine, using a single setup, has appeal for most shops. The advantages in time savings and accuracy are obvious. Eliminating the transport of workpieces between machines, as well as the setup for those secondary operations, is a boon for throughput. Critical features that need to maintain dimensional relationships can be much more reliably produced if machined complete in one clamping.

  • Vertical Grinding Has Advantages

    In vertical grinding, the workpiece is held upright in a rotary chuck with the grinding spindle overhead. This configuration can improve roundness, facilitate single-setup processing and prolong the life of the machine. Loading and unloading may gets easier, too. Workpieces with relatively large diameters and short lengths benefit the most from vertical grinding.

  • Creep-feed Grinding Is A Milling Process

    Because creep-feed grinding is essentially a milling process, why not use a VMC? A grinding machine supplier describes how a VMC platform can make creep-feed grinding more effective.