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Taps Cut Internal Threads in Half a Second

IMTS 2018: Emuge Corp.’s Punch Tap enables helical thread forming in cast and wrought aluminum alloys and similar lightweight materials.

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Emuge Corp.’s Punch Tap enables helical thread forming in cast and wrought aluminum alloys and similar lightweight materials. A shortened toolpath process produces internal threads in less than half a second to reduce energy consumption and threading time.

The punch tap is made from a HSSE-PM alloy optimized for toughness and long wear. Its teeth geometry that produces threads in a single step. It also features two rows of flutes, off-set 180 degrees from each other and extending in a helical curve down to a usable application depth. This speeds threading by reducing toolpath length.         

The tool punches into a pre-drilled hole and the first tooth of each flute produces a helical groove, which guides the tap to the application depth. Threading commences by cold forming with a synchronous movement of feed and rotation. The thread is produced with a half left turn in the pitch, and each tooth produces half a thread (approximately 180 degrees). After the threads have been formed, the tool retracts from the hole in a helical motion. The finished, cold-formed thread is interrupted by two helical grooves offset by 180 degrees.

Thread strength is comparable to conventionally machined threads from a depth of thread of 3×D, according to the company. The tool is custom-designed for coatings and dimensions according to application requirements.

The taps are used on modified CNC machines with a specialized Sync Control System and an Emuge Punch Tap software program. They are reportedly useful for blind and through-holes, and for the production of M4 through M8 metric threads with depths ranging to 3xD (inch sizes are also available from #8 thru 5/16). Featuring internal coolant supply capability, the tools are suitable for use with emulsion or minimum quantity lubrication (MQL).

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