3D Printed Fixtures Speed Setup for Inspection
3D printed fixtures enable this company to quickly set up parts for CMM inspection, whether it's a one-off or recurring job.
A combination of standard blocks and custom 3D printed fixtures (the black plastic pieces affixed to the table and blocks) enables Evco Plastics to quickly set up parts for inspection.
Evco Plastics, an injection molder based in DeForest, Wisconsin, wasn’t sold on 3D printed tooling from the outset. The company’s first 3D printer — a material jetting model — produced brittle parts that were fine as design prototypes, but prone to break if dropped or handled roughly. Evco later became an early customer for the Markforged Mark One, an extrusion 3D printer with continuous fiber-reinforcement capability. While the fiber placement capability wasn’t always necessary, this printer enabled the company to explore 3D printing strong, functional tooling in plastic.
But it wasn’t until Markforged introduced Onyx, a composite plastic filament reinforced with chopped glass fiber, that 3D printing truly found its stride at Evco. The material has enabled the manufacture of tooling and end-use parts that are both durable and easy to print, without the fuss of fiber reinforcement.
Today, Evco operates a cell of six Mark Two printers at its DeForest headquarters. The largest customer for this printing capacity is its metrology lab, housed in the same building. 3D printed fixtures are used in inspecting everything from very small parts that can be held in a custom nests, to those that require multiple specialized fixtures.
3D printed fixtures are filed by part number with assembly instructions for easy reuse.
Some custom 3D printed fixtures and their assembly instructions. 3D printed blocks are visible in the background.
For very large pieces like the one shown above, Evco 3D prints custom fixtures that attach to standard blocks. Compared to positioning the piece entirely with off-the-shelf workholding products, this strategy saves considerable time in initial setup. The inspection results also tend to be better. The 3D printed fixtures enable Evco to hold the part in exactly the position it would be in use, rather than whatever orientation is most convenient, leading to more reliable readings.
As an added benefit, recurring jobs can be easily torn down and set up again as needed. Each custom fixture is labeled with a printed-in part and fixture number, and filed with setup instructions to enable reuse.
The company is even at the point of printing fixture blocks shorter than 2 or 3 inches. This isn’t a job one would necessarily think suited to a 3D printer, but for blocks of this height, the company finds this is actually cheaper than having a toolmaker devote time to making these on a machine tool. With the 3D printers it’s possible to stop the build and input threads, for instance, which saves time versus machining a block and tapping holes. It also keeps the printers busy, limiting the amount of time they sit idle.
Evco isn’t stopping here with 3D printing, though. Its latest feat? Automating its 3D printer cell with a cobot to run unattended 24/7. The integration took a fair bit of ingenuity, but is now allowing the company to take on production work 3D printing end-use parts for external customers, in addition to its own tooling needs. Read that story on the Additive Manufacturing website.
What did it take to achieve automated 3D printing? Composites, cobots, email and more.
Guidelines used to standardize the measuring process can provide a good basis for making gage decisions.
Measuring workpiece dimensions is relatively simple for machine operators but measuring workpiece geometry which involves more complex comparisons of part shape to an ideal shape--is now also practical on the shop floor. The gaging equipment for doing this is coming down in price while becoming easier to use.
Different instruments (and different operators) are prone to different errors.