Applying Magnetism To Smooth Cutting Tools On A Grinding Machine
An alternate surface finishing device available on a tool grinding machine uses magnetism to swirl abrasive powder across the surface of a cutting tool. This creates a smooth surface finish and precisely rounded cutting edges.
Cutting tool manufacturers often perform post-grinding operations such as honing and polishing to improve tool surface finish and generate precisely rounded cutting edges. These operations lead to better chip flow, longer tool life and improved adhesion prior to coating processes. They also reduce the coefficient of friction of coated tools by removing droplets and other imperfections left behind after CVD or PVD.
Schütte TGM offers an alternate surface finishing method on its WU-305 tool grinding machines. The process uses magnetism to swirl abrasive powder across the surface of a cutting tool to smooth and improve its finish. The technology was originally designed for use on stand-alone equipment, but a magnetic finishing module has been engineered to be compatible with the wheel-changing mechanism used on the WU-305 machines. This enables the machines to both grind cutting tools and to treat them via magnetic finishing in one setup.
The primary components of the finishing module are two revolving magnetic discs located on either side of an enclosure containing the abrasive powder. Each powder grain contains both abrasive and magnetic material. Once a tool is inserted into the enclosure, magnetism causes the powder to swirl around the tool and smooth its surface. This magnetic finishing technology is also being applied in aerospace and automotive applications to reduce friction between mating components such as gears and engine parts.
Schütte currently offers four powder grit sizes—400, 600, 1,000 and 1,500—which users choose based on their finish requirements. The company says the magnetic finishing process can deliver 0.02-µm Ra and 0.08-µm Rz. In addition, it is said to generate a reproducible radius of cutting tool outside edges and chipping edges between 3 µm and 50 µm.
The WU-305 machines can grind, mill, belt-sand and polish, so their coolant system has been designed to accommodate machining chips, grinding swarf and the powder used in the magnetic finishing operation.
In vertical grinding, the workpiece is held upright in a rotary chuck with the grinding spindle overhead. This configuration can improve roundness, facilitate single-setup processing and prolong the life of the machine. Loading and unloading may gets easier, too. Workpieces with relatively large diameters and short lengths benefit the most from vertical grinding.
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